*1865: The 13th Amendment, to abolish slavery, was passed by Congress.
*1914: Heavyweight boxer Jersey Joe Walcott was born.
*1919: Baseball giant Jackie Robinson was born.
*1931: Baseball great Ernie Banks was born.
*1934: Etta Moten, first Black female performer at the White House, sang for President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
*1962: Samuel Gravely became first Black to command a U.S. warship.
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